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Eastern Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe

Edited by: Lucian N. Leustean
: Fordham University Press, July 2014
pp: 288
ISBN: 9780823256068
price: $55.00

Nation-building processes in the Orthodox commonwealth brought together political institutions and religious communities in their shared aims of achieving national sovereignty. Chronicling how the churches of Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, and Serbia acquired independence from the Patriarchate of Constantinople in the wake of the Ottoman Empire’s decline, Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe examines the role of Orthodox churches in the construction of national identities.

Drawing on archival material available after the fall of communism in southeastern Europe and Russia, as well as material published in Greek, Serbian, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Russian, Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe analyzes the challenges posed by nationalism to the Ecumenical Patriarchate and the ways in which Orthodox churches engaged in the nationalist ideology.


Table of Contents


1. Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism: An Introduction
Lucian N. Leustean
2. The Ecumenical Patriarchate

Paschalis M. Kitromilides
3. The Orthodox Church of Greece

Dimitris Stamatopoulos
4. The Serbian Orthodox Church
Bojan Aleksov
5. The Romanian Orthodox Church

Lucian N. Leustean
6. The Bulgarian Orthodox Church

Daniela Kalkandjieva

Lucian N. Leustean

List of Contributors

About the Editor

Lucian Leustean is a Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at Aston University where he has been teaching since 2007. In 2011 he was appointed Associate Dean for Postgraduate Programmes in the School of Languages and Social Sciences. He studied international relations, law and theology in Bucharest and completed his PhD in the Department of Government at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He held research studentships at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and the Charles University in Prague and attended summer schools at Boston University, the College for New Europe, Krakow, and Georgetown University. 
He was the Principal Investigator of the ESRC Research Grant on the ‘The Politics of Religious Lobbies in the European Union’, 2010-11. He has been awarded the Aston Excellence Award for Outstanding Early-Career Researcher of the Year, the George Blazyca Prize in East European Studies from the British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies, and the Scouloudi Historical Award of the Institute of Historical Research, University of London.
He is the Founding Editor of the Routledge Book Series on Religion, Society and Government in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet States.

About the Contributors

Bojan Aleksov is a lecturer in Southeast Europe an history at University College London’s School of Slavonic and East European Studies. His recent articles include “One Hundred Years of Yugoslavia. The Vision of Stojan Novakovi Revisited,” Nationalities Papers 39, no. 6 (2011): 997– 1010; “The Serbian Orthodox Church: Haunting Past and Challenging Future” International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 10, no. 2 (2010): 176– 91; and “The New Role for the Church in Serbia,” Südosteuropa 56, no. 3 (2008): 353– 75.

Daniela Kalkandjieva is a researcher in the Scientific Research Department at Sofia University. In 2004, she defended her doctoral dissertation on “Ecclesio-Political Aspects of the International Activities of the Moscow Patriarchate, 1917– 1948.” Her publications include Bulgarskata pravoslavna tsurkva i durzhavata, 1944–1953 [The Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the State, 1944–1953] (Sofi a: Albatros, 1997); “A Comparative Analysis on Church- State Relations in Eastern Orthodoxy: Concepts, Models and Principles,” Journal of Church and State 53, no. 4 (2011); “The Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the ‘Ethics of Capitalism,” Social Compass 57, no. 1 (2010); Pre- Modern Orthodoxy: Church Features and Transformations,” Études Balkaniques 4 (2010); and “The Bulgarian Orthodox Church” in Eastern Christianity and the Cold War, 1945–91, ed. Lucian N. Leustean (London: Routledge, 2009).

Paschalis M. Kitromilides is professor of political science at the University of Athens.His latest publications include An Orthodox Commonwealth. Symbolic Legacies and Cultural Encounters in Southeastern Europe (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 2007); the chapters on the modern history of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 5 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007); Adamantios Korais and the European Enlightenment [as editor] (Oxford: SVEC Voltaire Foundation, 2010); and Enlightenment and Revolution: The Making of Modern Greece (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013).

Dimitris Stamatopoulos is associate professor in Balkan and late Ottoman history in the Department of Balkan, Slavic, and Oriental Studies at the University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece. He was a member of the School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, for the academic year 2010– 11. He has published many articles on the history of the Orthodox populations in the Ottoman Empire. He is the author of Reform and Secularization: Toward a Reconstruction of the History of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the Nineteenth Century (Athens: Alexandreia, 2003); Byzantium after the Nation: The Problem of Continuity in Balkan Historiographies (Athens: Alexandreia, 2009); and has coedited (with Fotini Tsibiridou) Orientalism on the Edge: From the Ottoman Balkans to the Contemporary Middle East (Athens: Kritiki, 2008). His current interests focus on the relationship between religion and politics in the Balkans and, more specifically, on the process of secularization and the rise of civil society.

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