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The Incomplete Breakthrough in Greek-Turkish Relations: Grasping Greece’s Socialization Strategy

published by
: Palgrave Macmillan; 2010 edition (March 15, 2010)
pp: 289
ISBN: 0230517862
price: 85.01$

Book's frontpage

This methodical analysis of Greece's strategy towards Turkey highlights important new findings about the role particular elements of a state's strategic culture play in explaining major and/or minor shifts in strategy. The book breaks new ground in exploring when and how states develop socialization strategies.


Table of contents

1 Understanding Change in Strategy
1.1 A “never explored” U-turn
1.2 The framework of analysis
1.3 Methodological tools
1.3.1 Strategic culture: A dialectic relationship between agentic culture and national culture
1.3.2 Socialization: Concept, mechanisms, and strategies
1.3.3 A state pursuing a “socialization strategy”
1.4 An overview of the argument
1.5 The structure of the book
2 The Traditional Strategy
2.1 The evolution of Greece’s security thinking: From internal threat to the “threat from the east”
2.2 The dominance of the “threat from the east”
2.2.1 The construction and consolidation of an “underdog national culture”
2.3 Dealing with the “threat from the east”

3 The New Strategy

3.1 Crisis, agentic culture, and “new thinking”
3.2 Developing a new strategy towards Turkey
3.3 A strategy in abeyance
3.4 Prelude to the new strategy: The Greek–Turkish rapprochement
3.5 Launching the “socialization strategy”
3.5.1 Four claims for Greece pursuing a socialization strategy
3.5.2 Systemic and regional “ripeness”
3.5.3 Pursuing an “active socialization strategy”

4 Implementing the Strategy

4.1 En route to Helsinki
4.2 Helsinki: The strategy’s institutional climax
4.3 Legitimization of the strategy and transformation of the national culture
4.4 Laying the foundations for a breakthrough in Greek–Turkish relations
4.5 Active socialization as a “two-tier” strategy
4.5.1 The multilateral level
4.5.2 The bilateral level

5 Modifying the Strategy
5.1 Receptiveness to Greece’s “active socialization strategy”
5.1.1 Strategy’s “multilateral face:” EU internalization effects on Turkey’s domestic politics and foreign policy vis-à-vis Greece and Cyprus
5.1.2 Strategy’s “bilateral face:” Building confidence and promoting economic interdependence
5.2 From “active” to “passive” socialization
5.2.1 The rationale: From “resolution” to “instrumental dialogue” culture
5.2.2 Implementing “passive socialization”
5.3 What future for Greece’s socialization strategy?


About the Author

Panayotis J. Tsakonas is Professor of International Relations, Security Studies and Foreign Policy Analysis. He studied political science, international relations and security studies at the Panteion University of Athens and Reading University, Great Britain. He has been Research Fellow at the Institute of International Relations (Athens, Greece), NATO Research Fellow, post-doctoral Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University and Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the Macmillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University.


'Drawing upon extensive empirical material and a variety of conceptual approaches, this book offers an insightful account of the major shift of Greece's policy toward Turkey in 1999 and its aftermath. It should be read by all those concerned to understand the strategic issues raised by Turkey's application to join the EU.'

- Kevin Featherstone, Professor of Contemporary Greek Studies and Director of the Hellenic Observatory in the European Institute, London School of Economics, UK


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