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Can Russia Modernise?

Sistema, Power Networks and Informal Governance

by: Alena V. Ledeneva
published by: Cambridge University Press
pp: 327
ISBN: 9780521125635
price: £19.99 Paperback

Book's frontpage

In this original, bottom-up account of the evolution of contemporary Russia, Alena Ledeneva seeks to reveal how informal power operates. Concentrating on Vladimir Putin's system of governance - referred to as sistema - she identifies four key types of networks: his inner circle, useful friends, core contacts and more diffuse ties and connections. These networks serve sistema but also serve themselves. Reliance on networks enables leaders to mobilise and to control, yet they also lock politicians, bureaucrats and businessmen into informal deals, mediated interests and personalised loyalty. This is the 'modernisation trap of informality': one cannot use the potential of informal networks without triggering their negative long-term consequences for institutional development. Ledeneva's perspective on informal power is based on in-depth interviews with sistema insiders and enhanced by evidence of its workings brought to light in court cases, enabling her to draw broad conclusions about the prospects for Russia's political institutions.


Table of contents

Introduction: modernising sistema
1. What is sistema?
2. Putin's sistema: svoi on top
3. The inner workings of sistema: from blat to otkat
4. Sistema's material culture: from vertushka to Vertu
5. 'Telephone justice' in the global age: from commands to signals
6. 'Werewolves in epaulets': from doublethink to doubledeed
7. From dealership to leadership: sistema and informal governance



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